Telangana is a state located in the southern part of India. It was officially formed as the 29th state of India on June 2, 2014, after the division of Andhra Pradesh. The state of Telangana has a rich historical and cultural heritage and is known for its unique traditions, arts, and festivals.
Here are some key facts about Telangana:
- Capital: Hyderabad is the capital and largest city of Telangana. It also serves as the joint capital for Andhra Pradesh until a new capital is developed for that state.
- Geography: Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north, Chhattisgarh to the northeast, Karnataka to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south and east.
- Language: The official language of Telangana is Telugu. Urdu is also widely spoken in some regions.
- Economy: The economy of Telangana is diverse, with agriculture, information technology, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and manufacturing being significant contributors. Hyderabad, in particular, is known as a major IT and technology hub in India, housing numerous multinational companies and tech parks.
- Culture: Telangana has a rich cultural heritage, and its art, music, dance, and cuisine reflect a blend of traditions from various dynasties that ruled the region over the centuries.
- Tourism: The state is home to several tourist attractions, including historical monuments, temples, lakes, and national parks. Charminar, Golconda Fort, Ramoji Film City, and Hussain Sagar Lake are some of the popular tourist spots in the region.
- Government: Telangana has a parliamentary system of government, like other states in India, with a Chief Minister as the head of the state and a Governor appointed by the President of India as the constitutional head.
Telangana’s formation was the result of a long-standing demand for a separate state by the people of the Telangana region, which felt distinct in terms of culture, history, and socio-economic factors from the other regions of Andhra Pradesh. The division aimed to address the specific developmental needs and aspirations of the people of Telangana.