Flora List Of Kerala

Kerala’s flora is incredibly diverse, and it includes a wide range of plant species due to its varied geography and climate. Below is a list of some of the prominent flora found in Kerala:

  1. Teak (Tectona grandis)
  2. Rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)
  3. Sandalwood (Santalum album)
  4. Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus)
  5. Rubber Tree (Hevea brasiliensis)
  6. Bamboo (Bambusoideae family)
  7. Indian Laurel (Terminalia elliptica)
  8. Indian Kino Tree (Pterocarpus marsupium)
  9. Black Dammar (Canarium strictum)
  10. Cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum)
  11. Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)
  12. Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans)
  13. Areca Palm (Areca catechu)
  14. Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera)
  15. Banana (Musa species)
  16. Mango (Mangifera indica)
  17. Cashew (Anacardium occidentale)
  18. Tamarind (Tamarindus indica)
  19. Pepper (Piper nigrum)
  20. Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
  21. Turmeric (Curcuma longa)
  22. Arecanut Palm (Areca catechu)
  23. Banyan (Ficus benghalensis)
  24. Peepal (Ficus religiosa)
  25. Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa)
  26. Wild Fig (Ficus racemosa)
  27. Indian Rubber Fig (Ficus elastica)
  28. Screw Pine (Pandanus tectorius)
  29. Neem (Azadirachta indica)
  30. Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla)

Kerala’s Western Ghats region, in particular, is a biodiversity hotspot and is home to numerous endemic and rare plant species. This list is by no means exhaustive, as Kerala’s flora encompasses a vast array of flowering plants, medicinal herbs, orchids, and ferns, among others. The state’s forests and wildlife sanctuaries are vital in preserving and protecting this rich botanical heritage.


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