Fauna List Of Kerala

Kerala’s fauna is as diverse as its flora, with a wide variety of animal species found in its forests, wetlands, grasslands, and coastal regions. Below is a list of some of the prominent fauna found in Kerala:


  1. Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)
  2. Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris)
  3. Indian Leopard (Panthera pardus fusca)
  4. Indian Gaur (Bos gaurus)
  5. Sambar Deer (Rusa unicolor)
  6. Spotted Deer (Axis axis)
  7. Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius)
  8. Indian Wild Boar (Sus scrofa)
  9. Indian Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak)
  10. Indian Flying Fox (Pteropus giganteus)
  11. Indian Gray Mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii)
  12. Malabar Giant Squirrel (Ratufa indica)
  13. Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus)
  14. Nilgiri Langur (Trachypithecus johnii)
  15. Indian Hare (Lepus nigricollis)


  1. Malabar Hornbill (Ocyceros griseus)
  2. Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus)
  3. Indian Cormorant (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis)
  4. Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis)
  5. Malabar Trogon (Harpactes fasciatus)
  6. Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis)
  7. Painted Stork (Mycteria leucocephala)
  8. White-bellied Treepie (Dendrocitta leucogastra)
  9. Asian Fairy-bluebird (Irena puella)
  10. Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus)
  11. Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher (Ceyx erithaca)
  12. Crimson-backed Sunbird (Leptocoma minima)
  13. White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis)
  14. Indian Pitta (Pitta brachyura)
  15. Indian Malabar Trogon (Harpactes fasciatus)
  16. Brown-cheeked Fulvetta (Alcippe poioicephala)


  1. King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah)
  2. Indian Rock Python (Python molurus)
  3. Indian Cobra (Naja naja)
  4. Green Vine Snake (Ahaetulla nasuta)
  5. Malabar Pit Viper (Trimeresurus malabaricus)
  6. Indian Chameleon (Chamaeleo zeylanicus)
  7. Indian Mugger Crocodile (Crocodylus palustris)
  8. Indian Star Tortoise (Geochelone elegans)


  1. Malabar Gliding Frog (Rhacophorus malabaricus)
  2. Malabar Torrent Frog (Micrixalus saxicola)
  3. Malabar Tree Toad (Pedostibes tuberculosus)
  4. Indian Bullfrog (Hoplobatrachus tigerinus)
  5. Common Indian Toad (Duttaphrynus melanostictus)

Kerala has a diverse range of freshwater and marine fish species, including various types of carp, catfish, mackerel, sardines, prawns, and crabs.

Kerala is home to a wide variety of butterfly species, including the Malabar Banded Peacock (Papilio buddha), Southern Birdwing (Troides minos), and Malabar Tree Nymph (Idea malabarica).

It’s important to note that this list is not exhaustive, and Kerala’s biodiversity includes many more animal species, including numerous insects, fish, and other invertebrates. The state’s rich variety of flora and fauna is a testament to its ecological significance and the need for conservation efforts to protect these precious natural resources.

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